School sport programs have been conducted in Australia for as long as schools have been established. As a result, primary and secondary school sport bodies in the States and Territories have been operating for many years. Interstate school sporting competitions in Australia based on State representative teams can be traced back to the 1920’s when Australian Football and Netball events were conducted. These started to expand rapidly during the 1970’s. To enhance the organisation of these events, associations comprising officials from each State and Territory were formed, culminating in the early 1970’s in the formation of the Australian Primary Schools Sports Association and the Australian Secondary Schools Sports Federation as bodies responsible for coordinating all aspects of interstate competition.

School Sport Australia was formed in 1981 to act as the parent body for all school sport and as the focal point for an expanding organisation. Its current role is to administer national representative championships for students 12 Years & Under and 13 to 19 years. The flagship event for School Sport Australia is the Pacific School Games, a multisport representative event for Australian and international students.

School sport has been the starting point in representative competition for a litany of Australian sporting championships both nationally and internationally. Many have also carved careers outside of the sporting arena. School Sport Australia is proud to have played a pivotal role in their endeavours.